The central area of Mexico, also known as Bajio, is a hotbed for manufacturing operations, particularly in the automotive and aerospace industries. This pleasant region features a variety of topographies as well as charming colonial cities and towns. The four main states, show below, offer a wealth of opportunities for companies looking to open manufacturing facilities. For more information on specific cities or an impact analysis on which area would best meet your needs, contact IVEMSA today.


While Querétaro is geographically one of the smallest states in Mexico, it has access to more than 40 million consumers in 250-mile radius. As the population quadrupled in the last 15 years, it has developed a large foreign community with more than 10,300 residents. Querétaro is directly connected by highway to Mexico City as well as the north of the country and the United States via rail transport. The state government has a well‐structured plan to train an aerospace workforce and has invested in new training programs and university. Benefits to companies manufacturing in the area include:

  • State Population: 2,000,000
  • Main Industrial Cities: Querétaro
  • Queretaro City Population: 1,340,000
  • Distance to US Border: 576 MI or 921 KM
  • Nearest Major US Cities:
    • San Antonio, TX
    • Houston TX
  • Commercial port of entry: Nuevo Laredo Commercial Port of Entry
  • Closest major airport (s): Querétaro International Airport
  • Closest commercial major seaports:
    • Veracruz Port 375 MI or 600 KM (Gulf of Mexico)
    • Altamira Port: 406 MI or 649 KM (Gulf of Mexico)
    • Lazaro Cardenas Port 344 MI or 550 KM (Pacific Ocean)
  • Rail Transport: Kansas City Southern Mexico and Ferromex
  • Number of maquiladoras: 338
  • Maquiladora Workforce: 90,000 +
  • Sector with the highest distribution to the State GDP: Manufacturing 28.7%
  • Total Industrial Parks: 40
  • Lease rate per sq. ft.: Base Rent of $0.40 to $0.44 US DLLS   SQFT per month  (Class A building)
  • Average production line salary without benefits: $2.00 – $2.90 USD per hour
  • Population from 18 – 54 years: 802,051
  • Universities: 45
  • Industry concentrations:
    • Automotive
    • Aerospace
    • Electronics
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Guanajuato is largely considered one of the most important logistic centers due to its excellent roads, railroads and its international airport. It has the most modern internal customs in Mexico and is becoming the fastest growing state for manufacturing in Mexico. Guanajuato is also known for their annual Cervantes International Festival, which brings many visitors to the city every October. With access to 80 percent of the Mexican market, 70 percent of Mexico’s international trade and 70 percent of Mexico’s automotive industry, Guanajuato is a popular location for Mexican manufacturing. Benefits to companies manufacturing in the area include:

  • State Population: 5,835,287
  • Main Industrial Cities: Guanajuato, Irapuato, Leon, Silao and Celaya
    • Guanajuato City Population:  184,239
    • Irapuato City Population:  574,344
    • Leon City Population: 1,578,626
    • Silao City Population:  189,567
    • Celaya City Population:  494,304
  • Distance to US Border: 564 MI or 902 KM
  • Nearest Major US Cities:
    • San Antonio, TX
    • Houston TX
  • Commercial port of entry: Nuevo Laredo Commercial Port of Entry
  • Closest major airport (s): Bajio International Airport
  • Closest commercial major seaports:
  • Veracruz Port 449 MI or 718 KM (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Altamira Port: 395 MI or 631 KM (Gulf of Mexico)
  • Lazaro Cardenas Port 309 MI or 494 KM (Pacific Ocean)
  • Rail Transport:  Kansas City Southern Mexico and Ferromex
  • Number of maquiladoras: 295
  • Sector with the highest distribution to the State GDP: Manufacturing 30.6%
  • Total Industrial Parks: 16
  • Lease rate per sq. ft.: Base Rent of $0.39 to $0.49 US DLLS   SQFT per month  (Class A building)
  • Average production line salary without benefits: $2.00 – $2.80 USD per hour
  • Population from 18 – 54 years: 4,210,188
  • Universities: 9
  • Industry concentrations:
    • Automotive
    • Textile
    • Chemical Products
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Historic San Luis Potosí is known for its colonial churches and museums, as well as it’s booming manufacturing industry. San Luis Potosí’s central location to major Mexican cities such as Mexico City, Guadalajara, and Monterey has led it to grow over the last 30 years. It’s regional universities and technical schools have produced a well-educated and skilled populace. It’s local international airport makes traveling simple and secure. Benefits to companies manufacturing in the area include:

  • State Population: 2,717,820
  • Main Industrial Cities: San Luis Potosí
  • San Luis Potosí City Population:  900,000
  • Distance to US Border: 456 MI or 729 KM
  • Nearest Major US Cities:
    • San Antonio, TX
    • Houston TX
  • Commercial port of entry: Nuevo Laredo Commercial Port of Entry
  • Closest major airport (s): San Luis Potosí International Airport
  • Closest commercial major seaports:
    • Veracruz Port 482 MI or 771 KM (Gulf of Mexico)
    • Altamira Port: 286 MI or 458 KM (Gulf of Mexico)
    • Lazaro Cardenas Port 409 MI or 654 KM (Pacific Ocean)
  • Number of maquiladoras: 147
  • Sector with the highest distribution to the State GDP: Manufacturing 25.7%
  • Total Industrial Parks: 17
  • Lease rate per sq. ft.: Base Rent of $0.37 to $0.45 US DLLS   SQFT per month (Class A building)
  • Average production line salary without benefits: $1.90 – $2.50 USD per hour
  • Population from 18 – 54 years: 1,131,610
  • Universities: 30
  • Industry concentrations:
    • Automotive
    • Metal Mechanic
    • Textile
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Home to Mexico’s fastest growing car industry, Aguascalientes serves as an excellent business environment and a dynamic manufacturing industry. Aguascalientes hoists major multi-national companies such as Nissan, Mazda, GM, and Honda. With state investment in training programs and universities, the populace is well educated and skilled. It’s young labor market and safe environment has caused manufacturing to expand in the last two years. Benefits to companies manufacturing in the area include:

  • State Population: 1,312,544
  • Main Industrial Cities: Aguascalientes
  • Aguascalientes City Population: 877,190
  • Distance to US Border: 489 MI or 782 KM
  • Nearest Major US Cities:
    • San Antonio, TX
    • Houston TX
  • Commercial port of entry: Nuevo Laredo Commercial Port of Entry
  • Closest major airport (s): Aguascalientes International Airport
  • Closest commercial major seaports:
    • Veracruz Port 536 MI or 857 KM (Gulf of Mexico)
    • Altamira Port: 396 MI or 634 KM (Gulf of Mexico)
    • Lazaro Cardenas Port 395 MI or 633 KM (Pacific Ocean)
  • Number of maquiladoras: 86
  • Sector with the highest distribution to the State GDP: Manufacturing 35.3%
  • Total Industrial Parks: 9
  • Lease rate per sq. ft.: Base Rent of $0.37 to $0.40 US DLLS   SQFT per month  (Class A building)
  • Average production line salary without benefits: $1.90 – $2.50 USD per hour
  • Population from 18 – 54 years: 638,242
  • Universities: 25
  • Industry concentrations:
    • Automotive
    • Metal Mechanic
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